What is the Best Time for Safari in Tanzania

Tanzania, with its vast savannas, pristine wilderness, and diverse wildlife, has earned a well-deserved reputation as a dream safari destination. For avid nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers, embarking on a safari adventure in Tanzania is an experience of a lifetime. However, to make the most of your safari journey, it is crucial to choose the best time to visit this African gem. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the different seasons, wildlife events, and factors that influence the optimal time for a safari in Tanzania.

The Magic of Tanzania’s Wildlife

Tanzania boasts an unparalleled variety of wildlife, making it a haven for safari enthusiasts. From the iconic African Big Five (lion, elephant, buffalo, leopard, and rhino) to the majestic wildebeest herds, this East African nation never fails to enchant visitors with its incredible biodiversity. Witnessing the Great Migration in the Serengeti or Ngorongoro Crater teeming with life is an awe-inspiring spectacle that leaves travelers with unforgettable memories.

Factors Influencing the Best Time for Safari

Several factors play a significant role in determining the ideal time for a safari in Tanzania. Understanding these factors will help you plan your trip to witness the most remarkable wildlife events and experience pleasant weather conditions.

Weather and Seasons

Tanzania experiences two main seasons: the Dry Season and the Wet Season. Each season offers unique opportunities for safari experiences.

Dry Season (June to October)

During the Dry Season, the weather is relatively mild and dry, making wildlife easier to spot as animals congregate around water sources. The skies are clear, offering excellent photography opportunities. This season is also ideal for witnessing the Great Migration, as the wildebeest and zebras embark on their annual journey across the Serengeti.

Wet Season (November to May)

The Wet Season brings refreshing rains that rejuvenate the landscapes and result in lush greenery. While wildlife disperses during this time, birdwatchers will be delighted by the abundance of migratory birds. The Wet Season is also the calving season for wildebeest, a sight of tender new life amidst the wild.

Wildlife Events

Tanzania’s wildlife events are a highlight of any safari trip. Being aware of these events will help you align your visit with extraordinary natural occurrences.

The Great Migration

The Great Migration, one of the world’s most spectacular wildlife events, occurs between June and October. Millions of wildebeest, zebras, and other herbivores traverse the Serengeti in search of greener pastures, followed by hungry predators. Witnessing this epic journey is an unparalleled safari experience.

Calving Season

The calving season takes place from January to February in the southern Serengeti. Witnessing the wildebeest giving birth to their young amidst the vast plains is both touching and dramatic.

Crowd Levels

Considering the crowd levels is essential for a more intimate safari experience. If you prefer solitude and tranquility, visiting during the shoulder seasons (May and November) might be preferable, as it’s less crowded compared to the peak months.

Budget Considerations

Peak safari season often coincides with higher accommodation and park fees. Traveling during the shoulder season or off-peak months can save you money while still offering a memorable safari experience.


Some parks and remote areas might be less accessible during the Wet Season due to heavy rains. If you have specific destinations in mind, research their accessibility during the time of your visit.

Special Interests

Determine your special interests, such as birdwatching, photography, or specific animal sightings, to select the ideal time to visit.

A Month-by-Month Guide to the Best Time for Safari in Tanzania

To help you plan your safari adventure, let’s explore each month’s highlights and what you can expect during your visit.

Month Weather Wildlife Events Recommended Parks
January Warm; some showers Wildebeest calving in the southern Serengeti Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater
February Warm; some showers Wildebeest calving in the southern Serengeti Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater
March Warm; occasional showers Migratory bird watching Lake Manyara National Park, Tarangire National Park
April Mild; occasional showers Migratory bird watching Lake Manyara National Park, Tarangire National Park
May Cool; occasional showers Lower rates, fewer crowds Serengeti National Park, Tarangire National Park
June Mild; dry season starts The Great Migration begins Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater
July Cool; dry season The Great Migration – Grumeti River crossing Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater
August Cool; dry season The Great Migration – Mara River crossing Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater
September Warm; dry season The Great Migration – Mara River crossing Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater
October Warm; dry season The Great Migration in the Northern Serengeti Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater
November Warm; short rains begin Wildebeest calving in the southern Serengeti Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater
December Warm; occasional showers Wildebeest calving in the southern Serengeti Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater


  1. Is Tanzania safe for safari travel?
    Tanzania has a well-established safari tourism industry and is generally safe for travelers. However, it’s essential to follow safety guidelines and choose reputable tour operators.
  2. Do I need to take any vaccinations before traveling to Tanzania?
    Yes, it is recommended to check with your doctor or a travel health clinic to ensure you have all the necessary vaccinations before traveling to Tanzania.
  3. Which is the best park for wildlife photography?
    Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Crater are both excellent choices for wildlife photography, offering stunning backdrops and abundant wildlife.
  4. What should I pack for a safari in Tanzania?
    Packing essentials include lightweight, neutral-colored clothing, sturdy walking shoes, a hat, sunscreen, insect repellent, and a good camera with extra memory cards.
  5. Can I combine a safari with a beach vacation in Tanzania?
    Absolutely! After a thrilling safari, you can relax on the beautiful beaches of Zanzibar, Mafia Island, or Pemba Island.
  6. Is it possible to see the Big Five in Tanzania?
    Yes, Tanzania is one of the few places in Africa where you can easily spot the Big Five – lion, elephant, buffalo, leopard, and rhino.


Tanzania’s wildlife-rich landscapes offer a safari experience unlike any other. By carefully considering the weather, wildlife events, and your interests, you can choose the best time for a safari in Tanzania. Whether you yearn to witness the Great Migration or photograph magnificent creatures in their natural habitat, Tanzania’s awe-inspiring beauty will leave you with cherished memories that last a lifetime.

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